Facts, visuals and data on employee work status, gender and age

How to read this page

Unless stated otherwise, this workforce data shows you numbers as at June 2020.

For most visuals, we give you a break down in 3 ways:

  • Victorian Public Service (VPS): the 8 departments and 43 authorities and offices defined to be public service employers under the Public Administration Act 2004
  • Public entities: all other public sector bodies outside the VPS that have a public function
  • Overall public sector workforce: public entities and VPS combined

At the end of this page, find Excel datasets for June 2015 to June 2020.

Read more about how we define the public sector or see the full list of public sector agencies.

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Key facts

Overall public sector workforce employees

  • 43 years is the average age
  • 77% are employed on an ongoing basis
  • 17% are employed fixed-term
  • 6% are employed casually
  • 43% work part-time
  • 68% are women

Victorian Public Service employees

  • 43 years is the average age
  • 79% are employed on an ongoing basis
  • 19% are employed fixed-term
  • 2% are employed casually
  • 16% work part-time
  • 59% are women

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Impacts in 2020

COVID-19 impact on schools, events and sport and recreation agencies

The impact of COVID-19 on schools, events and sport and recreation agencies meant:

  • fewer casual-relief teachers, teachers’ aides and school service staff were employed while schools taught remotely
  • fewer ticketing, usher and other event management staff were employed with venues closed

This contributed to a fall in :

  • casual employment across the public sector
  • part-time employment across the public sector
  • employees in the under 25 age group

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Employee age

Distribution of employees by age


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The small number of under-25 employees reflects the high proportion of public sector occupations that require public post-secondary qualifications or professional experience.

Distribution by age for the years 2006, 2016 and 2020 for the overall public sector


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Since June 2006, there has been a shift in the age profile of the public sector workforce.

At June 2006, workforce ages peaked in the 45 to 49 and 50 to 54 ranges.

Since then:

  • the proportion of employees aged 25 to 39 has gone up
  • the proportion of employees aged 45 to 54 has gone down

By 2016 the workforce age profile was flat, with around 12% of the workforce in each age range between 25 and 60.

Since 2016, growth in employees aged under 40 has seen the age range of 45 to 54 continue to fall.

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Employment status

Ongoing, fixed-term and casual employment by industry group


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Casual employment in the whole public sector has fallen from 8.7% at June 2019 to 6.3% at June 2020.

  • this is primarily due to COVID-19 impacts on the public sector workforce

There has been a fall in casuals employed in the Victorian Public Service from 4.4% at June 2018 to 1.8% at June 2020.

  • this fall is from the transfer of direct care staff to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) providers

TAFEs institutes are moving from casual to ongoing employment.

  • the shift in TAFE employment is in-line with the Victorian Government’s policy.
  • the policy notes the positive impact of secure employment on employees and on the delivery of quality services to the Victorian community.
  • it provides for public sector employers to prefer ongoing employment over casual and fixed-term arrangements wherever possible.

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Full-time and part-time employment by industry group


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The fall in casual employment has contributed to part-time employment falling from 44.7% at June 2019 to 43.3% at June 2020.

In recent years, there’s been a fall in Victorian Public Service employees working part-time from 23.4% at June 2015 to 15.7% at June 2020.

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Employee gender

Gender of public sector workforce vs Victorian Labour force


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Women employees by industry group, June 2015 to June 2020


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Distribution of women across Victorian Public Service pay classifications, June 2020


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Data sets

These data sets cover June 2015 to June 2020.

We source this data from our annual workforce and executive data collections that cover over 1800 Victorian public sector employers.

Age profile

This file has the following age profile measures for Victorian public sector employees by gender and industry group:

  • average age
  • median age
  • headcount by age group

Download age data (XLS, 56KB)

Employee numbers over time

This file has employment numbers in headcount and full-time equivalent terms for:

  • the Victorian public sector by industry group, gender and Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander identity
  • major occupations in public entities by gender
  • Victorian Public Service grade and occupation-specific classifications by gender

Download employment numbers over time data (XLS, 77KB)

Employee status: ongoing, fixed-term and casual employment

This file has Victorian public sector ongoing, fixed-term including secondees and casual employment figures expressed as a percentage of headcount and full-time equivalent terms by:

  • industry group
  • gender
  • age group
  • Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander identity

Download employee status data (XLS, 91KB)

Part-time employment

This file has Victorian public sector part-time employment numbers in headcount and full-time equivalent terms by:

  • industry group
  • gender
  • age group
  • Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander identity

Download part-time employment data (XLS, 54KB)

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