About the methodology
The Vehicle Costing Methodology is mandatory for the VPS and can be used as a model for public entities (including general government agencies). It can be used to calculate the cost of a motor vehicle in an executive’s total remuneration package. The cost is notional – it represents value to the employee rather than cost to the employer.
An executive vehicle scheme is a non-salary beneﬁt and has a key role in the attraction and retention of executives.
When to apply the methodology
Public entities can use this methodology to calculate the annual cost to the executive’s package in the following situations:
- a new appointment is made, including existing executives moving to new positions at diﬀerent remuneration level
- the total remuneration under a current executive contract is reviewed.
Details of the costing methodology
Total Cost to Employee Package = Cost of Vehicle (Formula No. 1) + Fringe Beneﬁts Tax (Formula No. 2) Refer to the VPSC website for the vehicle costing calculator (a downloadable Excel spreadsheet).
Formula No. 1 – Cost of Vehicle
Vehicle Cost = A + B + C
A = notional standing cost (registration and insurance) x private use percentage
B = notional standing cost (depreciation) x private use percentage
C = running cost x total annual kilometres x private use percentage
The notional value of registration and insurance is based on VicFleet data.
Depreciation captures the residual loss for the vehicle, and is dependent on the vehicle purchase cost as well as the type of vehicle. The estimated depreciation is based on RACV data.
By assumption, the private use percentage is set to 2/3, and the total annual kilometres to 30,000. Both default ﬁgures can be adjusted if supported by appropriate justiﬁcation. If the vehicle has a higher proportion of business use, the cost to the executive may be reduced. For a reduction in the private kilometre component, contact your ﬂeet manager. The executive should complete a logbook for three months. The revised ﬁgures can then be used for ﬁve years (in line with ATO rules). If the executive changes roles, they will need to complete a new logbook for another three months. Refer to the ATO website for more details on the logbook method
Running costs (fuel, tyres, servicing etc.) are based on RACV data, and vary according to the type of vehicle.
Formula No. 2 – Fringe Beneﬁts Tax
Fringe beneﬁts tax = (Purchase price including GST) x FBT rate x FBT gross-up factor x statutory distance rate Price is the Government purchase price of the vehicle (registration, stamp duty and cost of plates are not included).
GST is the full invoiced amount by the manufacturer/dealer.
The FBT rate is 0.47 (i.e. 47per cent expressed as a decimal) as per the ATO. The FBT gross-up factor is 1.8868 as per the ATO.
The statutory distance rate is 0.20 (i.e. 20per cent expressed as a decimal) as per the ATO.